Companies must notify ECHA about certain Substances of Very High Concern in articles not later than 1 June 2011.
Producers and importers of articles (furniture, construction products, clothing etc) have a legal obligation to notify ECHA if any Substance of Very High Concern included in the Candidate List is present in their articles above the threshold of 0.1% weight by weight and if the quantity of such substance in those articles is over 1 tonne per producer/importer per year.++ http://echa.europa.eu/news/pr/201104/pr_11_08_notify_about_svhc_in_articles_june_20110413_en.asp
ECHA calls for information on further substances to avoid unnecessary animal testing.
Testing proposals for four substances have been published on the ECHA website. Any scientifically valid information held by third parties is requested to be taken into account by ECHA when considering its decision.++ http://echa.europa.eu/consultations/test_proposals/test_prop_cons_en.asp?consultations_status=current
Notifications for substances in articles and downstream user reports can now be submitted through REACH-IT.
Two new dossier types can now be submitted through REACH-IT: Notifications of Substances in Articles and Downstream User Reports. All dossier types should be created using the new version of IUCLID 5.3. In addition, REACH-IT has been updated to comply with the second Adaptation to Technical Progress of the CLP Regulation.++ http://echa.europa.eu/news/na/201104/na_11_19_notifications_sia_through_reach-it_20110413_en.asp
ECHA publishes new labelling and packaging guidance.
The new document is a stand-alone guidance on the labelling and packaging rules for substances and mixtures as set out in the CLP Regulation. It is addressed to manufacturers, importers, downstream users and distributors of chemical substances and mixtures.++ http://echa.europa.eu/news/na/201104/na_11_18_lp_guidance_20110408_en.asp
Second public consultation on restricting lead in jewellery.
ECHA calls for comments on the Committee for Socio-economic Analysis' draft opinion on a restriction concerning the placing on the market of jewellery products containing lead or its compounds. The deadline for comments is 28 May 2011.++ http://echa.europa.eu/news/na/201103/na_11_12_public_consl_restriction_lead_jewellery_en.asp
ECHA publishes a factsheet on substance evaluation.
The new ECHA factsheet on substance evaluation highlights the selection and evaluation process for substance evaluation, including the involvement of the CoRAP and the outcome of any evaluation.++ http://echa.europa.eu/doc/reach/substance_evaluation_fact_sheet_20110414_en.pdf
ECHA has published data submission manual 22: How to prepare and submit an application for authorisation using IUCLID 5.
The DSM outlines the substance datasets, information to be submitted in each section of the IUCLID5 file, as well as a checklist for efficient preparation of the application.++ http://echa.europa.eu/doc/reachit/dsm22/data_submission_manual_22_application_authorisation_iuclid5_en.pdf
* REACH - New chemicals law
* The Seveso II Directive
Hazardous and Toxic Substances
Hazardous and toxic substances are defined as those chemicals present in the workplace which are capable of causing harm. In this definition, the term chemicals includes dusts, mixtures, and common materials such as paints, fuels, and solvents. OSHA currently regulates exposure to approximately 400 substances. The OSHA Chemical Sampling Information (CSI) file contains listings for approximately 1500 substances; the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) Chemical Substances Inventory lists information on more than 62,000 chemicals or chemical substances; some libraries maintain files of material safety data sheets (MSDS) for more than 100,000 substances.
It is not possible to address the hazards associated with each of these chemicals in this safety and health topics page, however, the following information is relevant to many hazardous and toxic substances in the workplace.
Exposures to hazardous and toxic substances are addressed in specific standards for the general industry, shipyard employment, and the construction industry.
This section highlights OSHA standards and standard interpretations (official letters of interpretation of the standards) related to hazardous and toxic substances.
Note: Twenty-four states, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands have OSHA-approved State Plans and have adopted their own standards and enforcement policies. For the most part, these States adopt standards that are identical to Federal OSHA. However, some States have adopted different standards applicable to this topic or may have different enforcement policies.
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
Shipyard Employment (29 CFR 1915)
Construction Industry (29 CFR 1926)
Many workers are unaware of chemicals that create potential hazards in their work environment, making them more vulnerable to exposure and injury. The following references aid in recognizing hazards associated with hazardous and toxic substances.
Specific Chemical Information
- Hazardous Chemicals in Labs. OSHA Fact Sheet, (2002). Also available as a 270 KB PDF, 2 pages. Discusses OSHA's Laboratory standard and the unique problems associated with laboratory use of hazardous chemicals.
- Training Requirements in OSHA Standards and Training Guidelines. OSHA Publication 2254, (1998). Also available as a 720 KB PDF, 110 pages.
- Hazardous Waste. OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page. Provides information on OSHA, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and national consensus standards, as well as links to National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and other chemical safety sources.
- Ventilation. OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page. Provides links to engineering resources, OSHA Technical Manual (OTM), and Field Inspection Reference Manual (FIRM) sections, as well as National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) references.
- Draft Model Training Program for Hazard Communication. OSHA. Presents an approach to providing training using a series of lesson plans, slides, and quizzes that are provided in appendices which also include a glossary of commonly used terms and references that can provide additional information.
- International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSCs): US National Version. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and summarize essential health and safety information on chemicals for use by workers at the "shop floor" level and employers in factories, agriculture, construction and other work places.
- Hazard Evaluation System and Information Services (HESIS) Publications. California Department of Public Health (CDPH), Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service (HESIS). Provides access to numerous publications about chemicals, other toxic substances, and hazards in selected occupations.
- Understanding Toxic Substances [153 KB PDF, 17 pages]. Washington State Department of Labor and Industries. Explains how chemicals can affect the body, what to look for when reading health information, the different types of exposure limits for chemicals in the workplace, tips on how to know if you are exposed, what you can do to reduce exposure, and where to go for additional information. Based upon the the previous reference.
- International Programme on Chemical Safety. International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS). The two main roles of the IPCS are to establish the scientific health and environmental risk assessment basis for safe use of chemicals and to strengthen national capabilities for chemical safety.
The following references aid in controlling workplace hazards associated with hazardous and toxic substances.
- OSHA/EPA Occupational Chemical Database. OSHA. Compiles information from several governmental sources relating to occupational chemicals. At the date of initial release in July 2007, the database contained information on over 800 chemicals.
- Chemical Sampling Information (CSI). OSHA. Provides information on chemical properties, health effects, and sampling and analysis parameters.
- NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 2005-149, (2005, September). Serves as a source of general industrial hygiene information on several hundred chemicals and classes for workers, employers, and occupational health professionals.
- NIOSH Current Intelligence Bulletins (CIB). National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publications. Provides safety and health information on approximately 57 topics, many of which are chemicals or chemical related.
- NIOSH Numbered Publications - Criteria Documents. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publications. References links to documents that identify specific hazards associated with a chemical, an industry, or a process. Industry trends, potential hazards, and recommended control procedures are presented.
- Documentation for Immediately Dangerous To Life or Health Concentrations (IDLHs). National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), National Technical Information Service (NTIS) Publication No. PB-94-195047, (1994, May). Provides a summary of information NIOSH used to determine and evaluate IDLH values.
- Report on Carcinogens (RoC). US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Toxicology Program (NTP). Identifies and discusses agents, substances, mixtures, or exposure circumstances that may pose a hazard to human health by virtue of their carcinogenicity.
- Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 81-123, (1981, January). Provides a table of contents of guidelines for many hazardous chemicals. The files provide technical chemical information, including chemical and physical properties, health effects, exposure limits, and recommendations for medical monitoring, personal protective equipment (PPE), and control procedures.
- ToxFAQs. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Provides a series of summaries and answers to frequently asked questions about contaminants found at hazardous waste sites and hazardous substances excerpted from ATSDR's Toxicological Profiles and Public Health Statements. Each fact sheet serves as a quick and easy-to-understand guide.
- Sector Notebooks. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Provides a list of available notebooks containing: national industrial process descriptions, lists of chemicals commonly used, waste release profiles, discussions of pollution prevention opportunities, summaries of statutes and regulations, compliance and enforcement profiles, lists of compliance activities, and contact directories.
- Integrated Risk Information System. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The IRIS is a database of human health effects that may result from exposure to various substances found in the environment. The information in IRIS is intended for those without extensive training in toxicology, but with some knowledge of health sciences.
- Health Effects Notebook for Hazardous Air Pollutants. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Provides a collection of documents that contain health effects information related to each of the EPA Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) from the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments.
- The Chemical Reactivity Worksheet. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Office of Response and Restoration (OR&R). Provides a free program that can be used to research the reactivity of substances or mixtures of substances.
- Right to Know Hazardous Substance Fact Sheets. State of New Jersey, Department of Health and Senior Services. Provides a collection of documents on individual hazardous chemicals. Each sheet contains acute and chronic health hazards, identification, workplace exposure limits, medical tests, workplace controls and practices, personal protective equipment, handling and storage, questions and answers, definitions, and emergency response information for fires, spills and first aid.
- EXTOXNET - The EXTension TOXicology NETwork. The University of California-Davis, Oregon State University, Michigan State University, Cornell University, and the University of Idaho. Provides information more widely available via Pesticide Information Profiles, Toxicology Information Briefs, and Fact Sheets.
- Where to find Material Safety Data Sheets on the Internet. Interactive Learning Paradigms Incorporated (ILPI). Provides links to MSDS available on the Internet.
- For additional information on chemical reactivity, see OSHA's Chemical Reactivity Hazards Safety and Health Topics Page. Provides links to references that aid in evaluating chemical reactive interactions and their potential hazards.
Related Safety and Health Topics Pages
- Hazard Communication. OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page. Provides example HazCom programs, many training resources, as well as links to the proposed Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS).
- Process Safety Management (PSM). OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page. Contains requirements for the management of hazards associated with processes using highly hazardous chemicals included in the Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals Standard (29 CFR 1910.119).
- Sampling and Analysis. OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page. Describes chemical sampling and analysis used by occupational and safety professionals to assess workplace contaminants and associated worker exposures.
- Recommendations for Chemical Protective Clothing. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), (1998, February). A companion to the NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards. It provides chemical protective clothing guidelines for chemicals listed in the Pocket Guide.
- A Guide for Evaluating the Performance of Chemical Protective Clothing. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 90-109, (1990, June). Includes selection and evaluation guidelines for protective clothing.
- Report To Congress On Workers' Home Contamination Study Conducted Under The Workers' Family Protection Act (29 U.S.C. 671A). US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), (1995, September). Summarizes the hazards to which a worker's family may be exposed.
- Small Business Handbook. OSHA Publication 2209-02R, (2005). Also available as a 260 KB PDF, 56 pages.
- Chemical Hazard Communication. OSHA Publication 3084, (Revised 1998). Also available as a 284 KB PDF, 31 pages. Establishes uniform requirements to ensure that the hazards of all chemicals imported into, produced, or used in US workplaces are evaluated, and that this hazard information is transmitted to affected employers and exposed employees.
- Training Requirements in OSHA Standards and Training Guidelines. OSHA Publication 2254, (1998). Also available as a 720 KB PDF, 110 pages.
- Draft Model Training Program for Hazard Communication. OSHA. Presents an approach to providing training using a series of lesson plans, slides, and quizzes that are provided in appendices which also include a glossary of commonly used terms and references.
- Hazard Communication [1 MB ZIP*]. OSHA. Assists trainers conducting OSHA 10-hour General Industry outreach training for workers. Since workers are the target audience, the material emphasizes hazard identification, avoidance, and control — not standards. No attempt has been made to treat the topic exhaustively.
- Chemical Safety. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Safety and Health Topic. Provides information on many hazardous chemicals and chemical concerns.
- Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). DHHS and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have created this agency to seek and prevent harmful exposures and diseases related to toxic substances by providing information, research, and public health actions.
- Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The EPA Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances (OPPTS) plays an important role in protecting public health and the environment from potential risk from toxic chemicals. This page provides links to various programs and initiatives within the OPPTS.
- Contaminated Media, Human Health, and Environmental Effects. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Includes information about health, safety, and risk assessment issues related to Superfund sites and the hazards related to exposure to contaminants; risk assessment information; tips for reporting or responding to Superfund-related emergencies; and safety guides for cleaning up and preventing environmental hazards.
- NOAA Supports Both Natural And Man-Made Disasters In Its Homeland Security Program. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Provides information about the types of assistance and information available from NOAA whose mission is science, service and stewardship of the oceans and atmosphere.
- Office of Response and Restoration. Protects coastal and marine resources, mitigates threats, reduces harm, and restores ecological function and provides comprehensive solutions to environmental hazards caused by oil, chemicals, and marine debris.
- Data Explorer: Data Web Sites. Provides links which identify the primary areas of responsibility of NOAA's National Ocean Service (NOS) and gives a brief description of downloadable data pertaining to that topic.
- Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service (HESIS). California Department of Public Health (CDPH), Occupational Health Branch (OHB). Provides information about harmful workplace chemicals and the potential effects of exposure.
- Library. US Department of Transportation (DOT), Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA).